Ali Ahmad Jalali, is a former Interior Minister of Afghanistan (Jan. 2003-Sept. 2005) and currently serves as a Distinguished Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies (NESA) at the National Defense University in Washington D.C.
As Interior Minister of post-Taliban Afghanistan, he created a trained force of 50,000 Afghan National Police (ANP) and 12,000 Border Police to work effectively in counter-narcotics, counter-terrorism, and criminal investigation to fight against organized crime and illegal border crossings. He successfully led the country-wide operations to protect the constitutional grand assembly (Loya Jirga) in 2003, the nationwide voters’ registration drive and landmark 2004 Presidential election, and the parliamentary elections in 2005.
Prior to assuming the ministerial post in Kabul, Mr. Jalali served in executive broadcast positions at the Voice of America from 1982 to 2003. During this period he, directed broadcasts in Pashto, Dari and Farsi (Persian) languages to Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia. As journalist, he covered the war in Afghanistan (1982-1993) and the former Soviet Central Asia (1993-2000) and traveled extensively across the region.
During his military service in Afghanistan army (1961-81), Jalali served in command, staff and educational posts with a final rank of colonel. He attended higher educational institutions in Afghanistan, United States, United Kingdom and Russia. (See the list below)
A reputed multi-lingual military and political analyst, Ali Ahmad Jalali, has extensive academic, managerial, journalistic and writing experience and has published in three languages (English, Pashto, and Dari/Farsi). He is the author of numerous books and articles on political, military and security issues in Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia which are published in the United States, Britain, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. (See the list below). He is also a frequent commentator on Afghan issues at major U.S. and international TV and radio networks (including BBC, VOA, NPR, CNN, ABC, CBS, Fox, REFERL) as well as print media (including Washington Post, New York Times, CSM, Wall Street Journal etc.)
Jalali has taught at higher education institutions of Afghanistan and the United States and extensively lectured at U.S. Army War College, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, the Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and the British Army Staff College, Camberley, England.
Professor Jalali has native fluency in English, Pashto, Dari, Persian (Farsi) and Tajik languages, and he is fluent in Russian while confidently translates from French, and has functional knowledge of Arabic, Turkish and Urdu.
Areas of InterestPublicationsEducation
- Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations
- Post-Conflict Stabilization and Reconstruction
- Counter-Narcotics Operations
- Jalali, A. (2007, Winter). Afghanistan: Regaining Momentum. Parameters, 37(4), 5-19. [download]
- Grau, L. and Jalali, A. (2005, December). Forbidden Cross-Border Vendetta: Spetsnaz Strike into Pakistan during the Soviet-Afghan War. Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 18(4), 661-672.
- Jalali, A. (2003, January/February). Afghanistan in 2002: The Struggle to Win Peace. Asian Survey, 43(1), 174-185.
- Jalali, A. (2002, Autumn). Rebuilding Afghanistan’s National Army. Parameters, 32(3), 72-86. [download]
- Jalali, A. (2001, Winter). Russian-Iranian Strategic Partnership. Parameters, 31(4), 98-111. [download]
- Grau, L. and Jalali, A. (2001, September). The Campaign for the Caves: The Battles for Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War. Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 18(4), 69-92.
- Jalali, A. and Grau, L. (2001, May/June). Expeditionary Forces: Superior Technology Defeated – The Battle of Maiwand. Military Review, 81(3), 71-82.
- Jalali, A. (2001, Spring). Afghanistan: The Anatomy of an Ongoing Conflict. Parameters, 31(1), 85-98. [download]
- Jalali, A. (2007). Afghanistan: The Challenge of State Building. In G. Hayes and M. Sedra (Eds.) Afghanistan: Transition Under Threat, Ontario : Laurier University Press.
- Jalali, A. (2007). The Legacy of War and the Challenge of Peace Building. In R. Rotberg (Eds) Building a New Afghanistan, Washington, DC : Brooking Institution Press.
- Jalali, A. (2007). A Historical Perspective on Iran-Afghan Relations. In A. Mohammadi (Ed) Iran and Eurasia, London : Ithica Press.
- Jalali, A. and Grau, L. (1998). The Other Side of the Mountain. In A. Mohammadi (Ed.) Iran and Eurasia, Washington, DC : United States Marine Corps.
- Afghan Military University, BA. Military Science. 1961
- U.S. Army Infantry Advance Course, Ft. Benning , Ga. Diploma 1964
- Higher Command and Staff Course (Regiment, Division, Army), Kabul, MA, Military Science. 1966
- British Staff College, England, PSC 1967
- Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey Ca. USA, Diploma, Defense Management, 1978
- Academy Frunze, Moscow, Military Strategy and Operational Art, 1980
- The Institute of World Politics, Washington D.C., Graduate Certificate, Comparative Politics, 1996